PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder
PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder. It can occur after you have gone through an extreme emotional trauma that involved the threat of injury or death.
Causes
Doctors do not know why traumatic events cause PTSD in some people, but not in others. Your genes, emotions, and family setting may all play roles. Past emotional trauma may increase your risk of PTSD after a recent traumatic event.
With PTSD, the body’s response to a stressful event is changed. Normally, after the event, the body recovers. The stress hormones and chemicals the body releases due to the stress go back to normal levels. For some reason in a person with PTSD, the body keeps releasing the stress hormones and chemicals.
PTSD can occur at any age. It can occur after events such as:
Assault
Car accidents
Domestic abuse
Natural disasters
Prison stay
Sexual assault
Terrorism
War

There are four types of PTSD symptoms:

1. Reliving the event, which disturbs day-to-day activity
Flashback episodes in which the event seems to be happening again and again
Repeated upsetting memories of the event
Repeated nightmares of the event
Strong, uncomfortable reactions to situations that remind you of the event
2. Avoidance
Emotional numbing or feeling as though you do not care about anything
Feeling detached
Not able to remember important parts of the event
Not interested in normal activities
Showing less of your moods
Avoiding places, people, or thoughts that remind you of the event
Feeling like you have no future
3. Hyperarousal
Always scanning your surroundings for signs of danger (hypervigilance)
Not able to concentrate
Startling easily
Feeling irritable or having outbursts of anger
Trouble falling or staying asleep
4. Negative thoughts and mood or feelings
Constant guilt about the event, including survivor guilt
Blaming others for the event
Not being able to recall important parts of the event
Loss of interest in activities or other people
You may also have symptoms of anxiety, stress, and tension:
Agitation or excitability
Dizziness
Fainting
Feeling your heart beat in your chest
Headache
Exams and Tests
Your health care provider may ask how long you have had symptoms. PTSD is diagnosed when you have had symptoms for at least 30 days.
Your health care provider may also do a mental health exam, physical exam, and blood tests. These are done to look for other illnesses that are similar to PTSD.

Treatment
Treatment for PTSD involves talk therapy (counseling), medicines, or both.
TALK THERAPY
During talk therapy, you talk with a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or therapist, in a calm and accepting setting. They can help you manage your PTSD symptoms. They will also guide you as you work through your feelings about the trauma.
There are many types of talk therapy. One type that is often used for PTSD is called desensitization. During therapy, you are encouraged to remember the traumatic event and express your feelings about it. Over time, memories of the event become less frightening.
During talk therapy, you may also learn ways to relax, especially when you start to have flashbacks.

MEDICINES
Your provider may suggest that you take medicines. They can help ease your depression or anxiety. They can also help you sleep better. Medicines need time to work. Do not stop taking them or change the amount (dosage) you take without talking to your provider. Ask your provider about possible side effects and what to do if you experience them.
Support Groups
Support groups, whose members are people who have similar experiences with PTSD, can be helpful. Ask your provider about groups in your area.
Outlook (Prognosis)
PTSD can be treated. You can increase the chance of a good outcome:
See a health care provider right away if you think you have PTSD.
Take an active part in your treatment and follow your provider’s instructions.
Accept support from others.
Take care of your health. Exercise and eat healthy foods.
Do not drink alcohol or use recreational drugs. These can make your PTSD worse.

When to Contact a Medical Professional
Although traumatic events can cause distress, not all feelings of distress are symptoms of PTSD. Talk about your feelings with friends and relatives. If your symptoms do not improve soon or are making you very upset, contact your health care provider.
Seek help right away if:
You feel overwhelmed
You are thinking of hurting yourself or anyone else
You are unable to control your behavior
You have other very upsetting symptoms of PTSD
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One comment on “PTSD

  • Thank u so much for sharing this. It’s been 2 weeks away from being 8 yrs since my traumatic event but I would bury myself in work, until I got in car wreck ofn was seeing a dr then I would self medicate with my medicine to know the pain. Both of which weren’t the right things to do, I should have got help but just a lil over a month ago I decided to bring it at a dr appt. I was put on Celexa n seeing a counselor. The 1st few sessions were rough because he wanted me to remember what I saw,heard, smelled,tasted & felt so even now I’ll catch myself thinking bout all those but majority of the time it leads to a flashback or nightmare. But in the past yr or so I’ve pretty much became a hermit n I definitely I survivor guilt due to things that I coulda do to prevent it. But maybe one day I’ll be completely cured or even to the point of where the symptoms start getting better. Hopefully I’ll be able to put on update on my progress soon.

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